State Archaeology functioned separately from 1965. The main activities of State Archaeology are survey and exploration of monuments, archaeological sites, protection and conservation of monuments having local and State importance, excavation of archaeological sites and publication on itís different activities. So far 218 monuments have been accorded protection as per the Odisha Ancient Monuments Preservation Act of 1956.
Regarding excavation projects, earlier, excavation work of archaeological and historical sites such as Kuruma, Bankada, Brahmavana, Raibania Fort, Khurdha gada, Sankarjang and Golbai were carried out. In recent past excavation at Biratagada, Kichakagada, Belasaragarh and Maraguda were also done by this Department. Earlier survey and exploration of river valleys such as Prachi, Daya, Bhargavi, Kushabhadra and Chitrotpala were completed. Presently it is proposed to undertake survey of monuments district wise in the State.
There are eight sculpture sheds housing sculptures found from archaeological operation, maintained by State Archaeology at Ayodhya, Kaupur, Sukleswar, Tirtha Matha, Niali, Kundesvara, Vishnupur and Boudh Town.